The organisation of the school system

Key Figures (2016) [anglais]

This page includes all the current figures of students and teaching staff in schools. This also includes budget and the number of schools across the country. As of 2016, there are 12 million students in French schools.

Pupils at primary level

6,869,500 primary pupils

• In nursery schools 2,563,600
• In elementary schools 4,193,000
• ASH: special Schools and Schooling for Disabled Pupils 48,700

Pupils at secondary level

5,954,800 secondary pupils

• In lower secondary schools collèges 3,229,800
• In general and technological upper secondary schools 1,550,900
• In vocational lycées 667,000
• Adapted secondary schooling: referral units 88,800

Teaching staff

As of 2016, the National Education Ministry was paying 1,073,500 people of which 81.5 % were teachers. 932,100 were public sector teachers and 141,400 were private sector teachers in a contract with the state.

• Primary school teachers 379,966 (43,4 %)
• Secondary school teachers 494,878 (56,6 %)

198,600 members of staff perform administrative functions, technical, management, inspection, education, careers guidance and educational assistance in state schools, at local authority level, as part of the local inspectorate or the central administration.

Schools

• Number of schools, 63,076 including 54,278 state schools (86%)
• Number of primary schools 51,745
• Number of collèges 7,097
• Number of general and technological upper secondary schools 2,640
• Number of vocational secondary schools 1,514
• Added regional schools 80

Budget

• Domestic education spending 2016: €68,640,000,000  (evolution of rate 2016 to 2017: + 4.4% // evolution 2012 to 2017: + 12.5%)

For each student (2012 → 2017):

  • in primary school: €5,800 → €6,500, + 12.1%
  • in lower secondary: €8,200  → €8,800, + 7.3%
  • in upper secondary: €10,700 → €11,200, + 4.7%
  • average expenditure per inhabitant: €2,200

Latest Changes

2016: 12 million students in schools

Measures taken since 2012:

  • in the first degree: 1 post for 5 additional students (2012 -2016): 19,328 job creations for teachers
  • in the second degree: 1 post for 14 additional students (2013-2016): 17,049 job creations for teachers
  • Student Life (re-entry 2016)
  •       40 nurses
  •       60 social service assistants
  •       350 employees for accompanying students with handicaps
  •       2,150 education assistants
  • Continuous Training: budget increased to €99 million in 2017 ( + 28% since 2014)

Key Data Measures:

  • first modern language from the CP: + 54 hours of moden language, 1 required course
  • more teachers than classes: + 3,195 positions since 2013
  • technology at school: + 1,817 primary schools associated with lower secondary schools who have a digital plan (re-entry 2016)
  • more fair schools
  •            6,772 primary schools and 1,095 lower secondary schools in priority education
  •            49 million social funds for re-entry 2016 (+ 40% since 2015)

Source: The State of Schools 2016 - Direction de l'évaluation, de la prospective et de la performance (Assessment, Forward-Planning and Performance Directorate), - Ministry of National Education,Ministry for Higher Education and Research

Updated: April, 2017

Last updated May 11, 2017
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